Etosha National Park in Namibia was first established in 1907, when Namibia was a German colony known as South West Africa. At the time, the park’s original 100,000 sq km made it the largest game reserve in the world. Due to political changes since its original establishment, the park is somewhat less than a quarter of its original size, at 22,912 sq km, but still remains a very large and significant area in which wildlife is protected.
The Etosha Pan dominates the park. The salt pan desert is roughly 130 km long and in places as wide as 50 km. The salt pan is usually dry, but fills with water briefly in the summer months, when it attracts pelicans and flamingos in particular. Periannual springs attract a variety of game and birds throughout the year, including the endangered Black Rhinoceros and the endemic Black Face Impala.
The name Okaukuejo is derived from oKakwiyo, meaning “place of the fertile women”. It began as a veterinary post created by the Germans during a rinderpest epidemic in 1897. In 1901 a small fort was built here as a military stronghold. It is the site of a camp in the park and had a floodlit waterhole, great for game viewing at night. Another camp with a floodlit waterhole is Namutoni, which was named after a spring found in the area. The waMbo called the spring oMutjamatund (high landmark), but got distorted through the years to become Namutoni.
To get you started with planning your holiday to Etosha N.P., we have showcased below some popular itineraries requested by our clients which we hope will inspire your visit to Africa