Mt. Kilimanjaro & Moshi Holidays

Mt. Kilimanjaro & Moshi Travel

Mt. Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa and fourth highest of the Seven Summits. It is the tallest freestanding mountain in the world, with Uhuru Peak rising to an altitude of 5,895 m. Kilimanjaro is composed of three distinct volcanic cones: Kibo 5,893 m; Mawenzi 5,149 m; and Shira 3,962 m. Uhuru Peak is the highest summit on Kibo's crater rim. It is a giant stratovolcano that began forming a million years ago, when lava spilled from the Rift Valley zone. Two of its three peaks, Mawenzi and Shira, are extinct while Kibo is dormant and could erupt again. The last major eruption has been dated to 360,000 years ago, while the most recent activity was recorded just 200 years ago.

Although it is dormant, Kilimanjaro has fumaroles that emit gas in the crater on the main summit of Kibo. Scientists concluded in 2003 that molten magma is just 400 m below the summit crater. Several collapses and landslides have occurred on Kibo in the past, one creating the area known as the Western Breach.

Moshi is on the lower slopes of Kilimanjaro and is home to the Chagga and Masai tribes. It is also the base before starting a Kilimanjaro climb.

Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain that tourists can climb with no real mountain climbing equipment or previous experience of such heights. The breathable oxygen at the top is less than half the amount than is common at sea level.

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