Located on the Mediterranean Sea coast in northern Egypt around 100 km west of Alexandria, lies El Alamein.
El Alamein played a major role in the outcome of World War II. Control of Egypt, Middle Eastern oil and the Canal route to India appeared about to be wrested from Allied powers by Germany and Italy. Instead, two extended battles were fought in the area including the First Battle of El Alamein in July 1942 and the Second Battle of El Alamein from October – November 1942. Allied forces broke the enemy line, pushing them back to ultimate defeat in Tunisia. Some 11,000 soldiers were killed and 70,000 wounded.
Winston Churchill referred to this as "This is not the end, nor is it even the beginning of the end, but it is perhaps, the end of the beginning".
At El Alamein, there is a well-tended Commonwealth war cemetery with the graves of soldiers who fought on the British side. Row upon row of gravestones stand witness to the human cost of the two Battles of El Alamein. Additionally, there is a local war museum and cemeteries commemorating the war dead from Italian and German forces.
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