Bhaktapur is a well-preserved ancient Newar (the indigenous people of the Nepalese region) town in the east corner of the Kathmandu Valley. It is surrounded by mountains with stunning views of the Himalayas. Its location on the main caravan route between China/Tibet and India made the town rich and prosperous.
Founded in the 12th century, it was once the capital of Nepal during the great Malla Kingdom until the second half of the 15th century. The town was listed as an UNESCO World Heritage site in 1979 for its rich culture, temples and wool, metal and stone artwork. It is dotted with pagodas and filled with Hindu and Buddhist religious sites and art. Durbar Square is home to the 55 Window Palace, which was a seat of royalty prior to 1769. It is decorated with elaborately carved windows and now houses the National Art Gallery.
In Durbar Square you can also find a number of large bells, temples and shrines. In Bhaktapur, you will also find Nepal’s tallest pagoda – the Nyatpol Temple.