Amritsar Holidays

Amritsar Travel

Amritsar is located in the northwest part of India in the State of Punjab, 32 miles east of Lahore, Pakistan. Of strategic importance due to its proximity to Pakistan, Amritsar is one of Punjab’s principal cities and famous for it is the holy centre of the Sikh religion. The religion’s adherents don’t cut their hair. The men are easily identified by their turbans, beards and silver bracelets; the women by their salwaar kameez, a dress-and-pants combination that has become popular through India.

Amristsar is home to the revered and beautiful Harimandir Sahib, perhaps better known in the West as the Golden Temple and the spiritual and cultural centre of the Sikh religion. Maharaja Ranjit Singh built the seat of Sikh religion in 1803. Constructed of white marble, bronze and gold leaf, the Golden Temple has four entrances and the walls are inlaid with semi-precious stones in floral patterns, frescoes and glasswork. To enter the temple, one must don a traditional headscarf, wade through a shallow pool (a purification ritual) and merge with the mass of bodies that circle the embankment around the holy structure.

The Jallianwala Bagh in the city is also a particularly sacred place for all Indians today, as it is associated with a poignant episode in India’s freedom struggle. The city has a central old city (developed in the 17th and 18th centuries) with narrow zigzagging streets. The city has a peculiar example of an introverted planning system with unique areas called Katras, that are self-styled residential units which provided unique defence system during attacks on the city in times past.

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last updated - 15 Sep 2014 1:56 AM