The Biligiriranga Hills, Biligirirangaswamy Temple Hill Sanctuary (B.R. Hills), is a hill range situated in south-eastern Karnataka, at its border with Tamil Nadu in South India.
Being at the confluence of the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats, the sanctuary is home to eco-systems that are unique to both the mountain ranges.
The BR hills has been a good place for viewing large game and at the same time encountering numerous smaller life forms. There are about 26 species of mammals recorded in the sanctuary. The BR hills is the only forest east of the main Western ghats mountain ranges in the central southern peninsula to have elephants in large numbers and a recent survey indicated the presence of 17 Tigers.
For hundreds of years, this region has been the home for the semi-nomadic Soliga tribe. The forest regions of Yelandur, Chamrajanagar and Kollegal, including the hilly tracts and foothills of Biligirirangan and Male Mahadeshwara in the southern part of Karnataka, are inhabited by nearly twenty thousand Soliga tribal people. The Soligas were nature worshippers originally, and revere a large Champaka tree (Michelia champaca), called Dodda Sampige in the local language.
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