Ranthambore was established as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955 by the Indian Government, and was declared one of the Project Tiger reserves in 1973. Ranthambore became a national park in 1980. Located in the Sawai Madhopur district of the state of Rajasthan, Ranthambhore is one of India’s most scenic parks and a prime example of Project Tiger’s conservation efforts.
The park lies at the edge of a plateau, and is bounded to the north by the Banas River and to the south by the Chambal River. The park covers an area of some 400 km. Steep crags embrace a network of lakes and rivers, and on top of one of these hills, is the impressive 10th century Ranthambhore Fort. In addition, the entire forest is peppered with ruined pavilions and small domed Mughal kiosks known as chhatris.
Terrain fluctuates between impregnable forests and open bush land. For a relatively small area, the park offers a rich diversity of fauna and flora including Bengal tiger, sambar, chital, nilgai, wild boar, leopard, sloth bear and myriad birdlife. One of the best locations for bird watching is the fort where a wide variety of birds have been spotted such as paradise flycatchers, peacocks, painted storks and crested serpent eagles.
The park is open from October - June.
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