A flamboyant showcase of Rajasthani architecture and a firm favourite on tourist itineraries as the third corner of India’s ‘Golden ...
The town of Surajgarh in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan derives its name from the 18th century fortified Palace. The name literally means "The Castle of The Sun".
Established in 1780 by Shekhawat Suraj Mal, ruler of the Jhunjhunu thikana, the township of Surajgarh came up with the construction of the fort, which not only offered employment to the people from the neighbouring villages, but after its completion also offered a safe sanctuary from marauding bandits and invading armies.
The frescoes for which Surajgarh and the Shekhawati region are famous owe their existence to the many travellers who came through this region, bringing along with them stories of the lands far away. The local people started to decorate their homes with frescoes of the tales told by the travellers and from scenes from the Bhagvad Gita, Ramayana and Mahabharata. The materials used for painting the frescoes were crushed cowrie shells, lime and vegetable dyes which were produced locally. The cowrie shells were used as currency at one time, but since the chipped and broken shells had no value, they were crushed to produce a water resistant base for the frescoes.