Jerusalem, the capital city of Israel, is one of the oldest cities in the world. The old walled city is ...
The lowest point on the earth’s surface, the Dead Sea is a natural phenomena and gift of Mother Nature. Straddling the border between Israel and Jordan, the mineral content of this 75-km-long and 10-km-wide saltwater lake tops out at 33%, or about six times as salty as a normal ocean. Fed by the River Jordan, the surface is the least saline. At a depth of around 40 metres, the seawater comprises about 300 grams of salt per kilogram of seawater. That’s about ten times the salinity of the oceans.
It’s called the Dead Sea as nothing resides in it. There are no fish, seaweed or plants of any kind in or around the water. What you’ll see on the shores are clusters of white salt crystals. No ordinary table salt, the salts found in the Dead Sea are mineral salts, just like you find in the oceans of the world, only in extreme concentrations. The water in the Dead Sea is deadly to living things. Fish accidentally swimming into the waters from one of the several freshwater streams that feed the Sea are killed instantly, their bodies quickly coated with a preserving layer of salt crystals and then tossed onto shore by the wind and waves.
The surface of the Dead Sea is some 1,300 feet below sea level. The very bottom of the sea, that being the deepest part, is over 2,300 feet below sea level. Bobbing about like a cork on the Dead Sea is one of those ‘must-do’s’ in life!