Kostroma has had a rocky history, having been invaded and ransacked many times since it was founded in 1152 by Yury Dolgoruky, to secure the north-east part of his Rostov-Kostroma principality.
By the end of the 17th century Kostroma became the third biggest town in Russia, after Moscow and Yaroslavl. It ceased to be a significant fort, and became an important cultural and commercial centre. Kostroma was one of the first cities where they started to make cloths and linens for Russian fleet.
Now Kostroma is a nice and calm provincial town on the river of Volga river, with historical centre kept intact. The main industries are machinery, forestry and textile.
A bit to the west, where the Kostroma river enters in the Volga, just at the confluence is nested the monastery of St Ipathy, the main architecture and historical attraction of the town. Next to the monastery there's a museum of wooden architecture, with old Russian izbas (wooden houses) and churches gathered in one place Take a walk along the quiet central streets with trading arcades and wooden houses and walk along the embankment of Volga river.
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