Moscow's historical, geographical and spiritual heart is a vast expanse of cobbled stones home to some of the city's most important monuments. Sandwiched between the imposing brick walls of the mighty Kremlin and the grand archways of the GUM Department Store, Moscow's Red Square has witnessed many important events from public executions to political protests, official military parades to large-scale celebrations. To top this off is the iconic St Basil's Cathedral with its whimsical onion-shaped domes and decorated exterior.
Surprisingly, the word ‘red’ does not refer to the colour of the Kremlin bricks or to the Communist ideology that has influenced Russia since the early 20th century but instead is a translation of the Russian name for the square - Krasnaya Ploschad. In Russian the word Krasnaya simultaneously means ‘red’ and ‘beautiful’ and the sheer size and might of the square is certainly that.
Located at the northern end of Red Square, the History Museum housed in the 19th century church of St John the Divine Under the Elm boasts an enormous collection of objects covering the whole Russian empire from the Stone Age onwards. Only a fraction of the one million plus exhibits can be displayed at any one time. These include Iron and Bronze Age artefacts and implements, medieval log cabin timbers unearthed during an excavation in the Kremlin, as well as a trove of pottery, jewellery and toys, books and manuscripts.
Red Square is near Moscow. Listed below are some of our Holidays with Moscow