Trincomalee is a port city that lies on the east coast of Sri Lanka. The port has played a major role in the maritime and international trading history of the country. The port, the fifth largest natural harbour in the world, has during its past attracted settlement by the Dutch, the French, the Portuguese and the English. It is now a naval and military base.
Known as ‘Trinco’ to the locals, the city is built on a peninsula that divides the inner and outer harbours. It is one of the main centres of Tamil speaking culture and the name Trincomalee means ‘Lord of the Sacred Hill’, a reference to the famous Koneswaram temple. This Hindu temple was built atop Swami Rock that overlooks the city of Trincomalee. Developed between 300CE and 1600CE, the temple complex has, throughout its history, lay in ruins, been restored, renovated and enlarged by various royals and devotees. The temple was demolished by the Portuguese in 1622.
Several historical Buddhist sites are situated around Trincomalee and along the road to the city are a number of hot springs.
The unspoilt and clean scenic beaches are perfect for swimming and the waters even offer chances of whale watching.