The politically important, extremely affluent, 2nd century BC ruinous town is located on the caravan trade routes connecting Persia, India, China and the Roman Empire.
The extensive ruins at Palmyra reveal the network plan of the ancient city. The Corinthian order marks almost all the monuments, but the influence of Mesopotamia and Iran is also apparent. Called Palmyra by the Romans, the original city name of Tadmor appeared for the first time in Assyrian tablets dating back to the 2nd millennium BC.
This very ancient city took advantage of the decline of Petra to play a vital role in the 2nd Century AD, with the Palmyrian army protecting the strategic frontier and trade routes of the Roman Empire. Emperor Diocletian attacked and destroyed the independent state of Palmyra in the 3rd Century.
The key sites to be visited in the sprawling ruins include the Temple of Ba’al, the tombs, the baths, theatre and museum.