This morning a drive up the coast takes you to the sleepy town of Bagamoyo. Founded at the end of the 18th century, this seaside town possesses a colourful and at times turbulent past, from being a major Arab trading port, to serving as the capital of East German Africa.
Upon arrival, your first stop is at the Kaole Ruins, where you can see evidence of the first Arab settlements in this small town. Here you will find the remains of a 13th century mosque, thought to be the oldest in Tanzania, and another younger mosque that dates back to the 15th century. Also on site are several graves, tombs and a small museum with numerous artefacts on display. Continue on to the white-washed Old Fort, one of the oldest surviving buildings in Bagamoyo. First constructed in 1860 this fort has served many roles over the years, from provision house to slave hold, and under colonial rule it was even used as a military camp.
Next visit the Catholic Mission, which was one of the first of its kind in East Africa. Though initially built in the late 1800s to provide a home for children freed from slavery, it later became a church and school. Within the compound is the main church, a stone memorial tower dedicated to explorer David Livingstone, a mission cemetery, and several other buildings that were used as residences by the missionaries. Last stop is at the Caravan Serai Museum, which has exhibits on the townâ€™s history and culture focusing on the slave trade. There is time to enjoy lunch and some relaxation at one of the townâ€™s resorts before driving back to Dar es Salaam in the late afternoon.