Seasons and weather
One of the hottest countries in Central Asia, Turkmenistan has a dry, desert climate. In fact, around 80% of the country is covered by the Karakum Desert and there is little rainfall. Summers are fiercely hot, with temperatures soaring in the capital city of Ashgabat.
Many of Turkmenistan’s attractions, such as the ancient ruins of Merv, are set within vast, tree-less landscapes. This means that even a few hours of sightseeing can become unbearable during summer and this season should be avoided for travelling.
Winter offers the other extreme, with freezing temperatures and snow found across most of the country. Spring and autumn are therefore considered the best times to visit. Between April and June you can expect warm temperatures and sun-filled skies. September to November is similar, allowing travellers to avoid the fierce heat of summer and sightsee before the icy cold of winter arrives.
It’s worth bearing in mind that nights in the desert can still be very cold, even during the hotter months of the year. So if you’re camping in the desert, it’s a good idea to pack some extra layers.