Pandas cuddling each other

Useful Info - China

 

 

Voltage

220v, 50Hz AC. Chinese plugs come in at least 4 designs: 3-pronged angle pins as used in Australia; 3-pronged round pins as used in Hong Kong; 2-pronged flat pins as used in the USA; or 2 round narrow pins as used in Europe. To cover all bases, pack a travel adaptor!

 

 

Health

It is recommended that you be vaccinated for Tetanus and Polio, if you haven't had a booster in the last ten years. Food and waterborne diseases are more common, so we recommend vaccinations for Typhoid (valid 3 years) and Hepatitis A (validity varies). There is a malarial risk in remote southern areas of China, so do check the current situation before travelling. Vaccination information can change regularly so please visit your local health care provider for the most up to date information.

 

Only some hotels (usually luxury 5 star hotels) provide drinkable tap water, so do ask your guide or the hotel front desk if the water at your hotel is safe to drink. Boiled water is sometimes provided in hotel rooms. Alternatively, purchase bottled mineral water for drinking and performing ablutions.

 

 

Climate

 

China is in the northern hemisphere. Broadly speaking, China experiences hot summers from late May to August in most parts of the country with great humidity in the south. September and October are warm to hot and dry across most of the country and it is during this time that China experiences increased visitor numbers.

 

Winters (November - March) meanwhile, vary from one geographical location to the next. Northern China (i.e. Beijing and north) experience freezing cold winters, whilst Central China (along the Yangtze) has a short, cold winter. South of the Yangtze, winters are relatively mild and rarely fall below freezing. In the very south of China, winters are very warm.

 

If visiting the north in winter, pack very warm attire. Many of our tours combine both north and southern China, so you'll experience two distinct weather patterns for much of the time. Come April and May, conditions in the north are cool and dry - just perfect conditions for sightseeing, however April can signal the arrival of sandstorms in Beijing and Inner Mongolia.

 

Down south, it's warm to hot and humid again with showers. In what are traditionally the northern hemisphere summer months, China can be hot and wet from June to August, though still enjoyable all the same. In all, China has a great diversity of climates.

 

 Average Max Temperature °C

 

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

 Beijing

3 4 11 21 27 31 31 30 26 20 9 3

 Shanghai

8 8 13 19 25 28 32 32 28 23 17 12

 

 

Time

China is 8 hours ahead of GMT. During British Summer Time (end March - October), time is 7 hours ahead. China operates in one time zone, so clocks are set according to Beijing time, meaning, given the size of the country, sunset and sunrise can occur at peculiar times! Pack a travel alarm clock.

 

 

Money

 

Pound Sterling, US Dollars, Euro and other major currencies can be converted into Chinese Yuan locally, or you can purchase currency in advance. Previously, there were two types of currency - one for locals, called Renmimbi and one for foreigners which came in Foreign Exchange Certificates. Thankfully, this old system has now been abolished and both Chinese and foreigners use the same currency known as Yuan.

 

 

 

Food, glorious food

Chinese cuisine has a long history, and is one of China's cultural treasures and one of the country's most famous exports to the world. 'Chi fan le ma?' which translates to 'Have you eaten yet?' is a form of greeting and said perhaps almost as readily as we say 'How are you?'. It is this Chinese phrase that perhaps illustrates where traditional priorities lie. Food, pure, simple and not so simple.

 

Simply, although be no means comprehensively, Chinese cuisine falls into four major regional categories: Cantonese (Guandong), Shandong, Szechuan (Sichuan) and Huaiyang. To these four, can be added four more: Hunan, Fujian, Anhui and Zhejiang. Sometimes, Beijing and Shanghai cuisine are also counted. The variety and style of cooking in China is amazing, as are the ingredients.

 

It's important to understand that Chinese cooking in China is different from Chinese food served in the West. Fish is usually cooked whole after removing the guts and entrails. The head remains on, and if anything, takes on a decorative appearance to the dish. The cheek of the fish is considered a delicacy that meal participants will vie for. It's not uncommon to find the pigeon's head, feet and sundry vitals floating in the soup tureen. Bones are often cut up into the food rather than removed. In many restaurants, dishes of food are placed onto a glass rotating 'lazy Susan' for the table of diners to share. Steamed rice, if ordered is usually served near the end of the meal, whilst fried rice is considered a main course.

 

On our tours, you'll have the chance to sample many Chinese specialities including the famous Peking Duck, typically served with wafer-thin pancakes, shallots and bean paste. The Chinese excel at noodle-based dishes. They appear in soups, boiled, crispy, short, long, fat or thin. Shaanxi Province is famous for it's noodles and on most visits to Xi'an you'll get a chance to see the preparation of noodles by trained chefs and actually try them in delicious soups. Every conceivable type and cut of meat is used including offal, and seafood is highly recommended. Vegetables feature in all dishes and fruit usually forms the very last course of a banquet. Indeed, vegetarians are for the most part, well catered for.

 

Here is a snapshot of the four principal regional categories and some top dishes.

 

Cantonese (Guandong) - Light stir-fried dishes. Stir-fried shrimp, mushrooms in oyster sauce, crisp skin roast pork.

 

Shandong - Soups and seafood reign supreme. Sea cucumber with braised onion, sharks fin soup.

 

Szechuan (Sichuan) - The cuisine that gave the world 'hot and spicy' and 'sweet and sour'. Spicy pork shreds, Szechuan chicken, bean curd with chilli, fried carp.

 

Huaiyang - Light, fresh dishes. Beggar's chicken, sweet and sour mandarin fish, crab meat in clear soup, boiled salted duck.

 

 

Shopping

China is a virtual Aladdin's Cave. Government-run Friendship Stores in almost all cities that attract foreigners stock a range of fixed-price souvenirs and handicrafts and can offer a reasonable idea of what is acceptable in terms of quality and price. After a visit to the Friendship Store, visit private or provincial stores, craft shops and local department stores. However, the best shopping is often at public markets. If you see something you want, buy it when you see it - prices don't vary greatly, but selection can vary from location to location.

 

Top buys include silk products, embroidery, Chinese calligraphy and paintings, ceramics, jade and stone carvings, lacquer ware, Chinese tea, Cloisonne, Chinese medicine, Mao reproduction propaganda souvenirs such as the famous 'Red Book', caps and buttons, personalised ink seals and clothing of every kind. Markets in Beijing and Shanghai commonly sell top quality ski jackets and leisure attire by big name brands. Additionally, copied goods such as handbags, jewellery and shoes are available in plentiful supply in these markets. Ethnic crafts are a speciality in some regions including Xi'an and Kunming. If wishing to buy antiques, proceed with caution. It's highly likely that the antique will be a skilful reproduction. However, if it is the real deal, you'll need paperwork the Chinese Administrative Department of Cultural Relics which must then accompany the article being exported.

 

 

Travelling by train

Vast and efficient, China's first rail lines were laid in the 19th century, and today, the government continues to invest heavily in this crucial mode of transport which connects many parts of the country. When travelling during the day, 'soft' seats, that is to say upholstered seats are provided. For overnight travel, clients are accommodated in 'soft class' sleeper cabins. Aboard each wagon are 9 compartments that comprise 4 bunks per compartment. Four people of mixed sex share one compartment. On occasion, dependent upon group size, you may get the opportunity to share with local people on the overnight journey, though sometimes dependent upon how the Chinese Railways Booking Office configure the bookings, the cabin may be filled with four of our clients.

 

A dining wagon serves reasonably priced Chinese food of the noodles and rice variety along with snacks and drinks. On the Beijing - Xi'an service, there is man with a trolley serving drinks and snacks including alcohol. Each wagon offers a WC and handbasin facility. At one end, is a Chinese squat-style WC, whilst at the other end is a Western-style WC. Bed linen is provided on the train.

 

Porterage: In China most often porterage is not available at railway stations and you will be required to carry your own luggage. we recommend you pack as light as possible as there can be several flights of stairs and a lengthy walk to our awaiting transportation.

 

 

NORTH KOREA - USEFUL INFO


Visa

Once you have confirmed your tour, our On The Go Tours, Beijing office will secure your North Korean visa direct with the DPRK.

 

Please do not forget – North Korea is a closed country and both Border Control and Customs can be very strict.

 

Journalists, or those in a related field, Israeli, South Korean & Japanese Passport holders will not be granted visas to enter North Korea. If you were born in either of these countries but hold an alternative country’s passport, or have a surname which is of Israeli, South Korean or Japanese heritage please inform us, so we can enquire whether you will be granted a North Korean visa. We will not accept visa’s issued by an external third party.

 

Voltage

220v, 50Hz AC. There are multiple socket types used in North Korea and no one type is more common than any other so you'd be best to invest in a worldwide adaptor that is a single unit capable of connecting to multiple socket types.

 

Health

Only drink bottled water.

 

Please ensure you’re up to date with routine vaccinations. Additionally we recommend you are immunised against Hepatitis A, Typhoid, Japanese Encephalitis and Malaria. Rabies is a risk but only if you are in close contact of dogs, bats and other mammals – please contact your health professional for advice and up to date information.


Climate

North Korea is in the north temperate zone, with distinct seasonal changes. Early spring is sunny with temperatures reaching 6 - 8 degrees during the day and nights often falling below zero. As summer approaches the days warm up, often reaching 18-20 degrees, however rain is frequent, so we suggest a rain-coat. Autumn is variable and winter, although often sunny with little snow, can be frigid with temperatures falling to around -10. All in all the best time to travel to North Korea is from late March through to October, this is also the time when North Korea sees its most foreign visitors.

 

Clothing – we would recommend you assume a variety of conditions and temperatures will be encountered, no matter the season.

 

Pyongyang


Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct  Nov Dec

Min Temp °C

 -10  -7  -1  5  11  16  20  20  14  7  0  -6

Max Temp °C

 -1  1
 8
 16
 21  25  27  28  23  17  8  1

Ave Rain (mm)

 10   10
 20  40  60  70  250  230  110  40  40

 20

 

Time

North Korea is 9 hours ahead of GMT and does not observe daylight saving.

 

Money

The official currency of North Korea is the Chosun Won, however as foreigners you will only be permitted to purchase items in Chinese Yuan or Euros, cash. Credit Cards are not accepted.

 

Accommodation

Foreign Nationals may only stay in government approved accommodation. These hotels are graded – ‘special’, ‘first’ and ‘second’ grade as nominated by the government of North Korea. On all our North Korea tours we stay in ‘Special’ Grade Hotels - the highest possible. You will find the common areas and facilities in a ‘Special Grade’ hotel resemble many Western 5 star establishments whilst the rooms themselves are more similar to Western 3 star hotels.

 

Transport

When in North Korea we utilise Chinese built vehicles. Due to a lack of maintenance, road conditions can however, at times, be challenging.

 

Phones

Mobile Phones are allowed into the DPRK, however as there no network coverage, calls will not be possible. Using your phone as a camera is permitted.

 

International calls and faxes are possible from your hotel at a cost of approx. Yuan 60/GBP6.5/min. There will be no access to public phone-booths.

 

Food

All meals are provided whilst within North Korea, and though there will be plenty to eat, the food itself will be simple in nature. Tofu and vegetables are available so vegetarians can be accommodated however fruit and milk will be unavailable. Gourmands – feed up in China before you leave!

 

Shopping

Though the choice of souvenirs is not huge there should be the opportunity to purchase postcards, poster artwork (bring a tube to carry them back) ‘See you in Pyong Yang’ T shirts and other trinkets to remind you of your visit. Though dual pricing is in effect, these items are still relatively in-expensive.

 

Border Control - Prohibited items:

North Korean currency, Telescopes, Laptop, professional camera, or video camera, camera lenses exceeding 150mm, GPS’s – either stand-alone or embodied within another electronic device, literature of a religious or political nature, printed or electronic material which could be viewed as offensive or obscene & anything which could be construed as an allegiance with South Korea (ie: items such as clothing, documents and other material which may display their flag, crest or language).

 

Whilst on tour

On every step of your journey throughout Norht Korea you will be escorted by a government tour guide. This tour guide will be responsible for thesmooth running of your tour and will ensure that you abide by the law of the land.

 

It is forbidden to take photos from your train/coach of the external countryside. Please do not photograph the police or North Korean Armed Forces. If in doubt, please request permission first from your guide.

 

Do not make comments of a political nature whether generally or specifically about North Korea or its leaders, even when in the privacy of your hotel room.

 

On the Go Tours cannot take responsibility for people who contravene North Korean Laws – if in doubt, ask your guide first.

 

 

 

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