Best tours to the Pyramids of GizaUnravel Mysteries with Our Unforgettable Tours to the Pyramids of Giza

Pyramids of Giza

One of the most recognizable and enduring representations of ancient Egypt's architectural mastery, inventiveness, and cultural diversity are the Pyramids of Giza. These enormous buildings, which are situated just outside of Cairo on the Giza Plateau, have captured people's imagination for millennia and attracted travelers, academics, and explorers from all over the world who are awestruck by its majesty and mystique.

The Pyramids of Giza are the best example of pyramid construction in ancient Egypt. They were built during an approximate 80-year period, from 2580 to 2500 BCE, under the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. Three successive pharaohs, Khufu (also called Cheops), Khafre (also called Chephren), and Menkaure (also called Mykerinos), had the three great pyramids constructed as their graves.

Three Pyramids for three Pharaoh’s

Pyramids of Giza
Tour to the Pyramids

Of the three, Pharaoh Khufu is credited with building the greatest and most well-known structure, the Great Pyramid of Giza. It was formerly the highest man-made building in the world, rising to an astounding height of about 146.6 meters (481 feet). This distinction was retained for more than 3,800 years. The Great Pyramid's construction was remarkably precise; its sides nearly exactly aligned with the compass's cardinal points, and its base covered an area of around 13 acres.

The Pyramid of Khafre is next to the Great Pyramid; it is a little smaller than the Great Pyramid but stands on higher land, giving it a more elevated position. The enormous limestone statue known as the Great Sphinx, which is said to symbolize Khafre himself, stands in front of it. Its head belongs to a pharaoh and its body is that of a lion.

Pyramids of Giza
Pyramids of Giza

The third pyramid, built for Pharaoh Menkaure, is noticeably smaller in scale compared to its predecessors but is distinguished by the use of granite in its construction and the remnants of its original casing stones at its base.

Guided tours to the Pyramids of Giza

An authentic trip into the heart of ancient Egypt is provided by guided tours to the Giza Pyramids. These excursions, which are led by experienced Egyptologists, offer comprehensive insights into the background, style, and importance of these famous sites. Discover hidden rooms and corridors, marvel at the mysterious Sphinx, and explore the Great Pyramid of Khufu as you solve the mysteries of one of the most fascinating archaeological sites on earth. Our trips offer a unique journey through the treasures of the ancient world, accompanied by knowledgeable guiding and tailored encounters.

Facts about the Pyramids

Age

The Pyramids of Giza are ancient, constructed over 4,500 years ago during the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom of Egypt.

Builders

While there is ongoing debate among scholars, it is generally believed that the pyramids were built by skilled Egyptian labourers and craftsmen, rather than slaves.

The Pyramids of Giza
The Pyramids

Materials

The pyramids were constructed primarily using limestone blocks quarried from nearby sources. The outer casing stones, originally made of highly polished Tura limestone, were meticulously cut, and fitted together to create smooth, reflective surfaces.

Engineering

The precision with which the pyramids were constructed is remarkable. The Great Pyramid, for example, is aligned almost perfectly with the cardinal points of the compass. The Egyptians employed advanced engineering techniques, such as the use of inclined planes and levers, to transport and lift the massive stone blocks into place.

Pyramids of Giza
Pyramids

Dimensions

The Great Pyramid, which was built for Pharaoh Khufu, originally stood at a height of approximately 146.6 meters (481 feet), however it now stands at 138.5m (454 feet). It covers and are of 13 acres at its base. The Pyramid of Khafre is slightly smaller, standing at a height of 136.4 meters (448 feet). The third and smallest pyramid, the Pyramid of Menkaure, stands at a height of 61 meters (200 feet).

Construction Methods

While the exact methods used to construct the pyramids remain a subject of debate, evidence suggests that the blocks were transported from the quarries to the construction site via river transport and then moved into position using sledges and ramps. The internal chambers and passageways were constructed using a corbelling technique, where successive layers of stone are laid slightly inward to form a sloping roof.

Pyramids of Giza
Camel trekking

Purpose

The primary purpose of the pyramids was to serve as tombs for the pharaoh’s, housing their mummified remains and worldly possessions for the afterlife. The design and orientation of the pyramids were believed to facilitate the pharaoh’s journey to the realm of the gods.

Alignment

The pyramids are aligned with astronomical precision, with the sides of the Great Pyramid oriented almost perfectly to the cardinal points of the compass. Some theories suggest that this alignment was intended to symbolize the pharaoh’s connection to the cosmos and ensure his eternal ascent to the heavens.

Frequently asked questions

What is the current condition of the Pyramids of Giza?

While the pyramids have weathered thousands of years of erosion and human activity, they remain remarkably intact. Efforts are ongoing to preserve and protect these ancient monuments for future generations, including measures to combat erosion, manage tourism, and conduct archaeological research.

Are the Pyramids of Giza open to the public?

How many blocks were used to build the Pyramids of Giza?

Why were the Pyramids of Giza built on the Giza Plateau?

What is the significance of the Pyramid shape?

Have all the chambers and passages inside the pyramids been explored?

Book your next guided tour to the Pyramids of Giza with us

Millions of people visit the Pyramids of Giza every year, drawn by their ancient magnificence and the mystery surrounding their construction and function. The pyramids still astonish and amaze people today. They serve as timeless reminders of both human accomplishment and the lasting impact of one of the greatest civilizations in history.

Sign up for our newsletter
Get exclusive deals, travel tips and more.

Explore more countries like Egypt!

Search all Egypt tours