Is it safe for a single woman to travel in Zambia?
A lot of travellers visit Zambia as part of a safari tour and in this context, visiting the country is very safe for solo women as they will be away from crowded cities and under the protection of their guide and lodge at all times. However, those who visit Zambia independently might have a slightly different experience. Harassment from local men is possible but is usually just an annoyance rather than a threat. Nevertheless, you may want to avoid this by dressing conservatively, wearing sunglasses to avoid eye contact and carrying a photo of a man in your purse who you can say is your husband. You should also try to limit your night time travel as much as possible.
How about as a member of the LGBTQ+ community?
Unfortunately, many of Zambia's laws relating to homosexuality are left over from colonial times and are considered far behind many Western countries, as are the views towards homosexuality from society as a whole. Homosexual acts are illegal and punishable with a prison term. LGBTQ+ individuals are subject to arbitrary arrest and sometimes suffer violence both in society and at the hands of authorities.
This being said, the vast majority of trips to Zambia for LGBTQ+ travellers are trouble-free, particularly when travelling in a group. Discretion is strongly advised, such as avoiding public displays of affection. As a conservative society, this advice is the same for heterosexual couples. It is important to point out that Zambia is generally a very welcoming, friendly country, and you will find the people charming. Society is just in a different place to many Western countries with regards to homosexuality, unfortunately.